In predicting shallow but dangerous landslides, size matters

The threat of landslides is in the news as torrential winter storms in California threaten to undermine fire-scarred hillsides and bring deadly debris flows crashing into homes and inundating roads. from Pocket via IFTTT

‘Smart Bandage’ detects, may prevent infections

Bandages are great for covering wounds, but they would be much more useful if they could also detect infections. By embedding nanosensors in the fibers of a bandage, U.S. from Pocket via IFTTT

Biodiversity protects bee communities from disease, study finds

A new U.S. National Science Foundation-funded analysis of thousands of native and non-native Michigan bees shows that the most diverse bee communities have the lowest levels of three common viral pathogens. researchers netted and trapped more than 4,000 bees in 60 species. from Pocket via IFTTT

How did dogs get to the Americas?

The history of dogs has been intertwined, since ancient times, with that of the humans who domesticated them. But how far back does that history go in the Americas and which route did dogs use to enter that part of the world? A U.S. from Pocket via IFTTT

Microbes deep beneath seafloor survive on byproducts of radioactive process

Microbes in sediment below the seafloor are sustained primarily by chemicals created by the natural irradiation of water molecules, report U.S. National Science Foundation-funded researchers at the University of Rhode Island and their collaborators. from Pocket via IFTTT

Infectious disease causes long-term changes in a frog’s microbiome

Beneficial microbes in the human gut can be affected by various disturbances. The same is true of the microbiomes of other animals. from Pocket via IFTTT

Sea ice kept oxygen from reaching deep ocean during last ice age, study finds

Extensive sea ice covered the world's oceans during the last ice age, preventing oxygen from penetrating into deep ocean waters and complicating the relationship between oxygen and carbon, a new study has found. The findings of the U.S. from Pocket via IFTTT

World’s oldest DNA reveals how ice age mammoths evolved

An international research team has sequenced DNA recovered from mammoth remains that are up to 1.2 million years old. The results are published in the journal Nature. The analyses, funded in part by the U.S. from Pocket via IFTTT

A machine-learning approach to finding treatment options for Covid-19

When the COVID-19 pandemic struck in early 2020, doctors and researchers rushed to find effective treatments. There was little time to spare. "Making new drugs takes forever," says Caroline Uhler, a computational biologist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. from Pocket via IFTTT

Standard water treatment eliminates ‘enveloped’ viruses

Among the many avenues that viruses, such as the novel coronavirus, can use to infect humans, drinking water may pose only a tiny risk. from Pocket via IFTTT

Mars rovers safe from lightning strikes, research finds

If experiments done in small bottles in a University of Oregon lab are accurate, the friction of colliding Martian dust particles is unlikely to generate big electrical storms or threaten newly arrived exploration vehicles or, eventually, human visitors, according to U.S. from Pocket via IFTTT

Can super-Earths’ interior dynamics set the table for habitability?

New research led by Yingwei Fei of the Carnegie Institution for Science provides a framework for understanding the interiors of super-Earths -- rocky exoplanets between 1.5 and 2 times the size of our home planet -- a prerequisite for assessing their potential for habitability. from Pocket via IFTTT

Astronomers detect dark matter halo around ancient dwarf galaxy

The Milky Way is surrounded by dozens of dwarf galaxies thought to be relics of the first galaxies in the universe. Among the most primitive of these galactic fossils is Tucana II -- an ultrafaint dwarf galaxy that is about 50 kiloparsecs, or 163,000 light years, from Earth. from Pocket via IFTTT

In a desert seared by climate change, burrowers fare better than birds

Research News In the Mojave Desert, burrowing mammals are weathering hotter, drier conditions In the arid Mojave Desert, small burrowing mammals such as the cactus mouse, the kangaroo rat and the white-tailed antelope squirrel are weathering the hotter, drier conditions triggered by climate change from Pocket via IFTTT

Economic value of insect pollination services in U.S. much higher than thought, study finds

The economic value of insect pollinators is much higher than previously thought, according to researchers at the University of Pittsburgh and Penn State University. from Pocket via IFTTT

NSF-supported researchers achieve two-way communication with dreaming people

Research News The breakthrough creates a new method for studying the human mind that could lead to innovative ways of learning and problem-solving Researchers supported by the U.S. from Pocket via IFTTT

Food contamination sometimes starts in the soil

When most people hear "food contamination," they think of bacteria on unwashed fruits or vegetables or undercooked meat. However, there are other ways for harmful contaminants to get into food products. from Pocket via IFTTT

Scientists ‘farm’ natural killer cells in novel cancer-fighting approach

Building on the promise of emerging therapies to deploy the body's "natural killer" immune cells to fight cancer, researchers at the University of Michigan have gone one step farther. from Pocket via IFTTT

An origami-inspired medical patch for sealing internal injuries

Many surgeries today are performed with minimally invasive procedures -- a small incision is made, and miniature cameras and surgical tools are threaded through the body to remove tumors and repair damaged tissues and organs. from Pocket via IFTTT

The spillover effect of marine reserves

You can't have your cake and eat it too, as the saying goes. But what if you could save your slice while enjoying the benefits at the same time? New research suggests that's possible when it comes to marine reserves. from Pocket via IFTTT