Thicker-leaved tropical plants may flourish under climate change

How plants will fare as carbon dioxide levels continue to rise is a tricky question and, researchers say, especially vexing in the tropics. Some aspects of plants' survival may get easier, some parts will get harder, and there will be winners and losers. from Pocket https://ift.tt/32hMFcN via IFTTT

Single day of competition in the wild is encoded in the brain

Fighting among social animals is common as they compete for the resources they need to survive and reproduce. A winner and a loser will inevitably result from these interactions, but do these challenges also leave an unseen, lasting mark? from Pocket https://ift.tt/3tg06py via IFTTT

Taking the vital signs of the global ocean with biogeochemical floats

As the researchers and crew aboard the research vessel Thomas G. Thompson continue to deploy biogeochemical floats in the western North Atlantic, the arrival of the first profile data marks an exciting step forward for the U.S. from Pocket https://ift.tt/3uOUvqR via IFTTT

First results from Fermilab’s Muon g-2 experiment strengthen evidence of new physics

The first results from the Muon g-2 experiment at the U.S. Department of Energy's Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory show fundamental particles called muons behaving in a way that is not predicted by scientists' best theory, the Standard Model of particle physics. from Pocket https://ift.tt/3e45QN5 via IFTTT

U.S. East Coast sea level rise in 20th century fastest in 2,000 years

The rate of sea level rise in the 20th century along much of the U.S. Atlantic coast was the fastest in 2,000 years, and southern New Jersey had the fastest rates, according to a Rutgers University-led study funded by the U.S. National Science Foundation. from Pocket https://ift.tt/2Q4quEg via IFTTT

Scientists report 6 novel variants in CRISPR-Cas12a in plants, expanding genome engineering

The research of plant scientist Yiping Qi at the University of Maryland focuses on innovative genome editing and engineering techniques in plants, with the goal of improving the efficiency of food production. The results of this U.S. from Pocket https://ift.tt/3dP3Qbh via IFTTT

Baby stars hatch from stellar eggs near galaxy’s center

Astronomers have found stellar eggs containing baby stars around the center of the Milky Way galaxy. To make the discovery, the scientists used NSF's Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA). from Pocket https://ift.tt/3fN9RaT via IFTTT

Researchers look for human disease solutions in opossums

Scientists have examined the immune system of an unusual group of mammals, which includes a small South American opossum, to find solutions that evolution has produced to fight disease-causing pathogens. from Pocket https://ift.tt/39S8Hap via IFTTT

Researchers discover that ‘cryptic species’ respond differently to coral bleaching

Research News Finding has implications for the long-term health of coral reefs Certain brightly colored coral species dotting the seafloor may appear indistinguishable to divers and snorkelers, but Florida State University researchers have found that these genetically diverse marine invertebrates v from Pocket https://ift.tt/3ulWJh4 via IFTTT

Engineering the Mississippi River has kept carbon out of the atmosphere, new study reveals

Research News Human efforts to tame the Mississippi may have led to positive effect: Transport of carbon to ocean A new study co-authored by a Tulane University geoscientist shows that human efforts to tame the Mississippi River may have had an unintended positive effect: more rapid transport of ca from Pocket https://ift.tt/3wso7f3 via IFTTT

WOX9: A gene that’s a jack of all trades

Over evolutionary time scales, a single gene may acquire different roles in diverging species. However, revealing the multiple hidden roles of a gene was not possible before genome editing came along. from Pocket https://ift.tt/3dvp3Xq via IFTTT

Found in space: Complex carbon-based molecules

Much of the carbon in space is believed to exist in the form of large molecules called polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, or PAHs. Since the 1980s, evidence has indicated that these molecules are abundant in space, but they have not been directly observed. Now, a team of U.S. from Pocket https://ift.tt/3mahFVr via IFTTT

How do birds breathe so efficiently? Looped airways facilitate air flows

Birds breathe with greater efficiency than humans because of the structure of their lungs --looped airways that facilitate air flows that go in one direction -- a team of researchers has found. The results appear in Physical Review Letters. The U.S. from Pocket https://ift.tt/3mggOTi via IFTTT

Sea otters keep remaining California kelp forests alive

Sea otters have long been recognized as a classic example of a keystone species, a dominant predator that maintains the balance of kelp forest ecosystems by controlling populations of sea urchins, which are voracious kelp grazers. from Pocket https://ift.tt/3fzfuJA via IFTTT

Model predicts urban development and greenhouses gasses will fuel urban floods

When rain began falling in northern Georgia on September 15, 2009, little did Atlantans know that they would witness epic flooding throughout the city. from Pocket https://ift.tt/3cxIRua via IFTTT

Study shows how varying Arctic climate conditions impact vulnerable species

New findings on the diet of Arctic foxes, determined by the condition of their teeth, show how varying climate conditions in the Arctic affect the animals that live there. In a U.S. from Pocket https://ift.tt/2PkPTJL via IFTTT

Study shows loss of gene function is causal to congenital heart disease

A team of researchers co-led by Michael Frohman of Stony Brook University has identified an important cause of congenital heart disease. from Pocket https://ift.tt/2QNwxNY via IFTTT

How fast is the universe expanding? Galaxies provide one answer

Determining how rapidly the universe is expanding is key to understanding our cosmic fate, but along with more precise data comes a conundrum. Estimates based on measurements in our current universe don't agree with extrapolations from shortly after the Big Bang some 13.8 billion years ago. from Pocket https://ift.tt/3sm4jI5 via IFTTT

How hummingbirds hum

The hummingbird is named after the sound it makes when it hovers in front of a flower to feed. But only now has it become clear how it generates its namesake sound. The results are published in eLife. U.S. from Pocket https://ift.tt/3d7Egh7 via IFTTT